Lazarus theory of emotion pdf Tauranga

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

APPRAISAL THEORIES OF EMOTION Ghent University Historically, coping has been viewed as a response to emotion. Our purpose here is to evaluate this idea and offer a broader view based on cognitive and relational principles concerning the emotion process. We will explore the ways emotion and coping influence each other in what must ultimately be seen as a dynamic, mutually reciprocal

PsyDok Arnold's Theory of Emotion in Historical Perspective

An Appraisal Theory of Empathy and Other Vicarious. At the heart of Lazarus's theory was what he called appraisal. Before emotion occurs, he argued, people make an automatic, often unconscious, assessment of what is happening and what it may mean for them or those they care about. From that perspective, emotion becomes not just rational but a necessary component of survival., According to Lazarus (1991, p.830), “Emotion is a reaction to meaning, and if meaning is changed there will also be a change in the subsequent emotion.” With the different definitions of emotion from psychologists, so are their perspectives when proposing a theory different as well..

Secondary Appraisal Lazarus (1982) concluded that 'Cognitive appraisal underlies and is an integrated feature of all emotional states.' But he admits that some can be unaware of it. Critics of this view argue that although cognition and emotion often work together, emotions can At the heart of Lazarus's theory was what he called appraisal. Before emotion occurs, he argued, people make an automatic, often unconscious, assessment of what is happening and what it may mean for them or those they care about. From that perspective, emotion becomes not just rational but a necessary component of survival.

Lazarus (1982, 1991): The Appraisal Theory of Emotion The gist: As humans, we react to different situations with different emotions. Still, there is no set way we react to situations. We APPRAISE or evaluate situations according to how significant they are to … Second, I look forward from Arnold to the influence she had on Richard S. Lazarus, the theorist who deserves the most credit for popularizing the appraisal approach to emotion. Here, I try to document that Lazarus' theory of the stress emotions preserved most assumptions of Arnold's theory.

APPRAISAL THEORIES OF EMOTION appraisal component is not sufficient for calling a theory an appraisal theory. In the remainder of this introduction, we will point to important differences between appraisal theories and other theories. Major differences include (a) … Faculty & Research Appraisal Theory and Social Appraisals: How an Event’s Social Context Triggers Emotions by J. Urda and C. Loch 2005/04/OB/TOM

Theory of Emotion Richard S. Lazarus University of California at Berkeley The 2 main tasks of this article are 1st, to examine what a theory of emotion must do and basic issues that it must address. These include definitional issues, whether or not physiological activity should be a defining attribute, cat- At the heart of Lazarus's theory was what he called appraisal. Before emotion occurs, he argued, people make an automatic, often unconscious, assessment of what is happening and what it may mean for them or those they care about. From that perspective, emotion becomes not just rational but a necessary component of survival.

Second, I look forward from Arnold to the influence she had on Richard S. Lazarus, the theorist who deserves the most credit for popularizing the appraisal approach to emotion. Here, I try to document that Lazarus' theory of the stress emotions preserved most assumptions of Arnold's theory. Second, I look forward from Arnold to the influence she had on Richard S. Lazarus, the theorist who deserves the most credit for popularizing the appraisal approach to emotion. Here, I try to document that Lazarus' theory of the stress emotions preserved most assumptions of Arnold's theory.

Historically, coping has been viewed as a response to emotion. Our purpose here is to evaluate this idea and offer a broader view based on cognitive and relational principles concerning the emotion process. We will explore the ways emotion and coping influence each other in what must ultimately be seen as a dynamic, mutually reciprocal In this article we examine the fundamental premises of our cognitive‐relational theory of emotion and coping and assess our progress in examining them through 10 years of programmatic empirical research. Our discussion involves the metatheoretical topics of transaction and relationship, process, and emotion as …

Emotion and Adaptation-Lazarus, Rs. N. H. Frijda - 1994 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (5):473-482. Passion and Reason: Making Sense of Our Emotions. Richard S. Lazarus & Bernice N. Lazarus - 1994 - Oxford University Press USA. Emotion Elicits the Social Sharing of Emotion: Theory and Empirical Review. Second, I look forward from Arnold to the influence she had on Richard S. Lazarus, the theorist who deserves the most credit for popularizing the appraisal approach to emotion. Here, I try to document that Lazarus' theory of the stress emotions preserved most assumptions of Arnold's theory.

Three representative cognitive theories of emotion continue to develop productively: the action-readiness theory, the core-affect theory, and the communicative theory. Some principles are common to them and diver-gences can be resolved by future research. Recent expla-nations have included how emotions structure social relationships, Faculty & Research Appraisal Theory and Social Appraisals: How an Event’s Social Context Triggers Emotions by J. Urda and C. Loch 2005/04/OB/TOM

At the heart of Lazarus's theory was what he called appraisal. Before emotion occurs, he argued, people make an automatic, often unconscious, assessment of what is happening and what it may mean for them or those they care about. From that perspective, emotion becomes not just rational but a necessary component of survival. The influence of Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) transactional theory of stress and coping is remarkable and remains the cornerstone of psychological stress and coping research across multiple fields. In this chapter we review the key components of this theory, focusing specifically on the effectiveness of the problem‐focused and emotion‐focused coping taxonomy.

Emotion Appraisal Theories. Building upon the complexity of the two-factor theory, multiple emotion appraisal theories (e.g. Smith and Ellsworth, 1985, or Roseman, 1996) have emerged that attempt to create a full account of emotion formulation. In this article we examine the fundamental premises of our cognitive‐relational theory of emotion and coping and assess our progress in examining them through 10 years of programmatic empirical research. Our discussion involves the metatheoretical topics of transaction and relationship, process, and emotion as …

The relationship between coping and emotion Implications

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

Lazarus theory of emotion by Sarah Cooke on Prezi. Faculty & Research Appraisal Theory and Social Appraisals: How an Event’s Social Context Triggers Emotions by J. Urda and C. Loch 2005/04/OB/TOM, There is widespread conviction among health care professionals that coping affects emotion. Yet theory and research have traditionally emphasized the effects of emotion on coping. The present research addresses this imbalance by evaluating the extent to which coping mediated emotions during stressful encounters in two Caucasian, community-residing samples. Subjects' recently experienced.

Chapter Emotion and Adaptation

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

Appraisal Theory ResearchGate. Lazarus (1982, 1991): The Appraisal Theory of Emotion The gist: As humans, we react to different situations with different emotions. Still, there is no set way we react to situations. We APPRAISE or evaluate situations according to how significant they are to … https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Lazarus Lazarus Theory was created by the psychologist Richard Lazarus, was a psychologist , professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Berkeley who was named by American Psychologist as one of the most influential psychologists in the field.. He showed that that people’s experience of emotion depends on the way they appraise or evaluate the events around them..

lazarus theory of emotion pdf


Second, I look forward from Arnold to the influence she had on Richard S. Lazarus, the theorist who deserves the most credit for popularizing the appraisal approach to emotion. Here, I try to document that Lazarus' theory of the stress emotions preserved most assumptions of Arnold's theory. Stress and Coping Style: An Extension to the Transactional Cognitive-Appraisal Model Kerry A. Newness Moderated Regression for Emotion-Focused Coping, Challenge, and Performance..79 . researchers have adopted and utilized extant stress theory to investigate

Cognitive theories of emotion began to emerge during the 1960s, as part of what is often referred to as the "cognitive revolution" in psychology. One of the earliest cognitive theories of emotion was one proposed by Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer, known as the two-factor theory of emotion. S P E C I A L P A P E R . Theoretical Approaches to Coping Stavroula Mitrousi, MSc, PhD(c) Psychologist, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece Antonios Travlos, PhD Associate Professor, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences,

In this landmark work, Richard Lazarus -- one of the world's foremost authorities -- offers a comprehensive treatment of the psychology of emotion, its role in adaptation, and the issues that must be addressed to understand it. The work provides a complete theory of emotional processes,explaining how different emotions are elicited and expressed, and how the emotional range of individuals Emotion Appraisal Theories. Building upon the complexity of the two-factor theory, multiple emotion appraisal theories (e.g. Smith and Ellsworth, 1985, or Roseman, 1996) have emerged that attempt to create a full account of emotion formulation.

According to Lazarus (1991, p.830), “Emotion is a reaction to meaning, and if meaning is changed there will also be a change in the subsequent emotion.” With the different definitions of emotion from psychologists, so are their perspectives when proposing a theory different as well. Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition RICHARD S. LAZARUS University of California, Berkeley ABSTRACT: This paper argues that thought is a nec-essary condition of emotion. It therefore opposes the stance taken by Zajonc, which reflects two widespread misunderstandings about what is meant by cognitive

In this landmark work, Richard Lazarus -- one of the world's foremost authorities -- offers a comprehensive treatment of the psychology of emotion, its role in adaptation, and the issues that must be addressed to understand it. The work provides a complete theory of emotional processes,explaining how different emotions are elicited and expressed, and how the emotional range of individuals According to the cognitive-mediational theory, proposed by Lazarus, the stimulus leads to a personal meaning derived from cognition, leading to both arousal and the emotion. The sound of a gunshot, for example, is interpreted as something potentially dangerous and leads to both physiological responses , like a rapid heart rate and trembling, and the subjective experience of fear.

There is widespread conviction among health care professionals that coping affects emotion. Yet theory and research have traditionally emphasized the effects of emotion on coping. The present research addresses this imbalance by evaluating the extent to which coping mediated emotions during stressful encounters in two Caucasian, community-residing samples. Subjects' recently experienced APPRAISAL THEORIES OF EMOTION appraisal component is not sufficient for calling a theory an appraisal theory. In the remainder of this introduction, we will point to important differences between appraisal theories and other theories. Major differences include (a) …

Second, I look forward from Arnold to the influence she had on Richard S. Lazarus, the theorist who deserves the most credit for popularizing the appraisal approach to emotion. Here, I try to document that Lazarus' theory of the stress emotions preserved most assumptions of Arnold's theory. According to the cognitive-mediational theory, proposed by Lazarus, the stimulus leads to a personal meaning derived from cognition, leading to both arousal and the emotion. The sound of a gunshot, for example, is interpreted as something potentially dangerous and leads to both physiological responses , like a rapid heart rate and trembling, and the subjective experience of fear.

Theory of Emotion Richard S. Lazarus University of California at Berkeley The 2 main tasks of this article are 1st, to examine what a theory of emotion must do and basic issues that it must address. These include definitional issues, whether or not physiological activity should be a defining attribute, cat- S P E C I A L P A P E R . Theoretical Approaches to Coping Stavroula Mitrousi, MSc, PhD(c) Psychologist, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece Antonios Travlos, PhD Associate Professor, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences,

Lazarus (1982, 1991): The Appraisal Theory of Emotion The gist: As humans, we react to different situations with different emotions. Still, there is no set way we react to situations. We APPRAISE or evaluate situations according to how significant they are to … 2/3/2017 · Appraisal theory of emotion proposes that emotions or emotional components are caused and differentiated by an appraisal of the stimulus as mis/matching with goals and expectations, as easy/difficult to control, and as caused by others, themselves or impersonal circumstances.

In this landmark work, Richard Lazarus -- one of the world's foremost authorities -- offers a comprehensive treatment of the psychology of emotion, its role in adaptation, and the issues that must be addressed to understand it. The work provides a complete theory of emotional processes,explaining how different emotions are elicited and expressed, and how the emotional range of individuals In his monograph on emotion and adaptation, Lazarus ( 1991) developed a comprehensive emotion theory that also includes a stress theory (cf. Lazarus 1993). This theory distinguishes two basic forms of appraisal, primary and secondary appraisal (see also Lazarus 1966). These

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

Lazarus' theory of emotion Emotion Developed off of James-Lange theory: emotions are more of a result of physiological occurences. Furthered this research to conclude that emotions are actually functional. They are determined by our appraisal of a situation. Appraisal: the way in According to the cognitive-mediational theory, proposed by Lazarus, the stimulus leads to a personal meaning derived from cognition, leading to both arousal and the emotion. The sound of a gunshot, for example, is interpreted as something potentially dangerous and leads to both physiological responses , like a rapid heart rate and trembling, and the subjective experience of fear.

Emotion Review http//emr.sagepub.com/content/5/2/119

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

Richard S. Lazarus Emotion and Adaptation PhilPapers. Stress and Coping Style: An Extension to the Transactional Cognitive-Appraisal Model Kerry A. Newness Moderated Regression for Emotion-Focused Coping, Challenge, and Performance..79 . researchers have adopted and utilized extant stress theory to investigate, There is widespread conviction among health care professionals that coping affects emotion. Yet theory and research have traditionally emphasized the effects of emotion on coping. The present research addresses this imbalance by evaluating the extent to which coping mediated emotions during stressful encounters in two Caucasian, community-residing samples. Subjects' recently experienced.

Cognitive approaches to emotions Mental model

Transactional theory and research on emotions and coping. that were appraised as changeable, and emotion-focused forms of g in encounter s appraised a unchangeable. However, we did not evaluate the relation between primary appraisal and coping. Our theory predicts a relation between primary appraisal and …, In this landmark work, Richard Lazarus -- one of the world's foremost authorities -- offers a comprehensive treatment of the psychology of emotion, its role in adaptation, and the issues that must be addressed to understand it. The work provides a complete theory of emotional processes,explaining how different emotions are elicited and expressed, and how the emotional range of individuals.

Secondary Appraisal Lazarus (1982) concluded that 'Cognitive appraisal underlies and is an integrated feature of all emotional states.' But he admits that some can be unaware of it. Critics of this view argue that although cognition and emotion often work together, emotions can Emotion Appraisal Theories. Building upon the complexity of the two-factor theory, multiple emotion appraisal theories (e.g. Smith and Ellsworth, 1985, or Roseman, 1996) have emerged that attempt to create a full account of emotion formulation.

als of Wundt’s (1896) dimensional theory. In the 1960s, Arnold (1960) and Lazarus (1966) pioneered a new theoreti-cal approach called appraisal theory, which is in essence a systematization of ancient ideas about emotion, reflecting out some of the diversity within the family of appraisal theories. Secondary Appraisal Lazarus (1982) concluded that 'Cognitive appraisal underlies and is an integrated feature of all emotional states.' But he admits that some can be unaware of it. Critics of this view argue that although cognition and emotion often work together, emotions can

19/12/2015 · How To Convert pdf to word without software - Duration: (Schachter Singer theory and Lazarus cognitive mediational theory Lazarus & Folkman Transactional model of stress that were appraised as changeable, and emotion-focused forms of g in encounter s appraised a unchangeable. However, we did not evaluate the relation between primary appraisal and coping. Our theory predicts a relation between primary appraisal and …

Richard Lazarus put forth an appraisal theory of stress, which says that situations are neither good nor bad, but how we think about them causes or doesn't cause stress. Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition RICHARD S. LAZARUS University of California, Berkeley ABSTRACT: This paper argues that thought is a nec-essary condition of emotion. It therefore opposes the stance taken by Zajonc, which reflects two widespread misunderstandings about what is meant by cognitive

Historically, coping has been viewed as a response to emotion. Our purpose here is to evaluate this idea and offer a broader view based on cognitive and relational principles concerning the emotion process. We will explore the ways emotion and coping influence each other in what must ultimately be seen as a dynamic, mutually reciprocal an emotion is. Next, we describe our own re, cent work directed at illuminating what we see as one of the important issues in emotion theory-the role of cognitive appraisal. We embed this work in a general model of emotion, which identifies the key variables and processes within a systems framework emphasizing per,

that were appraised as changeable, and emotion-focused forms of g in encounter s appraised a unchangeable. However, we did not evaluate the relation between primary appraisal and coping. Our theory predicts a relation between primary appraisal and … Appraisal Theory 5 aforementioned difficulties of accounting for individual and temporal differences and cross-situational similarities in emotional responses to those events.

LAZARUS THEORY Lazarus theory • cognitive appraisal is the first step in an emotional response • all other aspects of an emotion, including physiological arousal, depend on it LAZARUS THEORY Cognitive Stimulus Emotion Physiologic al and behavioral changes Appraisal Historically, coping has been viewed as a response to emotion. Our purpose here is to evaluate this idea and offer a broader view based on cognitive and relational principles concerning the emotion process. We will explore the ways emotion and coping influence each other in what must ultimately be seen as a dynamic, mutually reciprocal

an emotion is. Next, we describe our own re, cent work directed at illuminating what we see as one of the important issues in emotion theory-the role of cognitive appraisal. We embed this work in a general model of emotion, which identifies the key variables and processes within a systems framework emphasizing per, Lazarus (1982, 1991): The Appraisal Theory of Emotion The gist: As humans, we react to different situations with different emotions. Still, there is no set way we react to situations. We APPRAISE or evaluate situations according to how significant they are to …

Stress and Coping Style: An Extension to the Transactional Cognitive-Appraisal Model Kerry A. Newness Moderated Regression for Emotion-Focused Coping, Challenge, and Performance..79 . researchers have adopted and utilized extant stress theory to investigate Faculty & Research Appraisal Theory and Social Appraisals: How an Event’s Social Context Triggers Emotions by J. Urda and C. Loch 2005/04/OB/TOM

2/3/2017В В· Appraisal theory of emotion proposes that emotions or emotional components are caused and differentiated by an appraisal of the stimulus as mis/matching with goals and expectations, as easy/difficult to control, and as caused by others, themselves or impersonal circumstances. Three representative cognitive theories of emotion continue to develop productively: the action-readiness theory, the core-affect theory, and the communicative theory. Some principles are common to them and diver-gences can be resolved by future research. Recent expla-nations have included how emotions structure social relationships,

Historically, coping has been viewed as a response to emotion. Our purpose here is to evaluate this idea and offer a broader view based on cognitive and relational principles concerning the emotion process. We will explore the ways emotion and coping influence each other in what must ultimately be seen as a dynamic, mutually reciprocal The influence of Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) transactional theory of stress and coping is remarkable and remains the cornerstone of psychological stress and coping research across multiple fields. In this chapter we review the key components of this theory, focusing specifically on the effectiveness of the problem‐focused and emotion‐focused coping taxonomy.

APPRAISAL THEORIES OF EMOTION Ghent University

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

Emotion and Adaptation Richard S. Lazarus - Google Books. als of Wundt’s (1896) dimensional theory. In the 1960s, Arnold (1960) and Lazarus (1966) pioneered a new theoreti-cal approach called appraisal theory, which is in essence a systematization of ancient ideas about emotion, reflecting out some of the diversity within the family of appraisal theories., Emotion Appraisal Theories. Building upon the complexity of the two-factor theory, multiple emotion appraisal theories (e.g. Smith and Ellsworth, 1985, or Roseman, 1996) have emerged that attempt to create a full account of emotion formulation..

Lazarus Appraisal Theory Subjective Experience Emotions

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

The relationship between coping and emotion Implications. Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition RICHARD S. LAZARUS University of California, Berkeley ABSTRACT: This paper argues that thought is a nec-essary condition of emotion. It therefore opposes the stance taken by Zajonc, which reflects two widespread misunderstandings about what is meant by cognitive https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stressmodell_von_Lazarus APPRAISAL THEORIES OF EMOTION appraisal component is not sufficient for calling a theory an appraisal theory. In the remainder of this introduction, we will point to important differences between appraisal theories and other theories. Major differences include (a) ….

lazarus theory of emotion pdf

  • Stress and Emotion A New Synthesis Richard S. Lazarus
  • Emotion Review http//emr.sagepub.com/content/5/2/119
  • Lazarus' Theory of Emotion by Mahreen Zaidi on Prezi

  • Emotion and Adaptation-Lazarus, Rs. N. H. Frijda - 1994 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (5):473-482. Passion and Reason: Making Sense of Our Emotions. Richard S. Lazarus & Bernice N. Lazarus - 1994 - Oxford University Press USA. Emotion Elicits the Social Sharing of Emotion: Theory and Empirical Review. als of Wundt’s (1896) dimensional theory. In the 1960s, Arnold (1960) and Lazarus (1966) pioneered a new theoreti-cal approach called appraisal theory, which is in essence a systematization of ancient ideas about emotion, reflecting out some of the diversity within the family of appraisal theories.

    According to Lazarus (1991, p.830), “Emotion is a reaction to meaning, and if meaning is changed there will also be a change in the subsequent emotion.” With the different definitions of emotion from psychologists, so are their perspectives when proposing a theory different as well. Richard Lazarus's Theory "The interpretation of stressful events is more important than the events themselves." - Lazarus. CLICK for more info. Lazarus' Theory Of Stress. Lazarus states that stress is experienced when a person perceives that the “demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilise."

    The influence of Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) transactional theory of stress and coping is remarkable and remains the cornerstone of psychological stress and coping research across multiple fields. In this chapter we review the key components of this theory, focusing specifically on the effectiveness of the problem‐focused and emotion‐focused coping taxonomy. Three representative cognitive theories of emotion continue to develop productively: the action-readiness theory, the core-affect theory, and the communicative theory. Some principles are common to them and diver-gences can be resolved by future research. Recent expla-nations have included how emotions structure social relationships,

    Lazarus (1982, 1991): The Appraisal Theory of Emotion The gist: As humans, we react to different situations with different emotions. Still, there is no set way we react to situations. We APPRAISE or evaluate situations according to how significant they are to … S P E C I A L P A P E R . Theoretical Approaches to Coping Stavroula Mitrousi, MSc, PhD(c) Psychologist, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece Antonios Travlos, PhD Associate Professor, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences,

    1/9/2000 · In this article, I have attempted to apply my cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion, on which I have been working for over 50 years, to an understanding of … Cognitive Appraisal Theories of Emotion . Explanations > Theories > Cognitive Appraisal Theories This is sometimes also called Lazarus Theory or Appraisal Theory Using it. Demonstrate how what you want people to believe or do is good for them, and explain why. See also. Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion, Two-Factor Theory of Emotion. Social

    At the heart of Lazarus's theory was what he called appraisal. Before emotion occurs, he argued, people make an automatic, often unconscious, assessment of what is happening and what it may mean for them or those they care about. From that perspective, emotion becomes not just rational but a necessary component of survival. Three representative cognitive theories of emotion continue to develop productively: the action-readiness theory, the core-affect theory, and the communicative theory. Some principles are common to them and diver-gences can be resolved by future research. Recent expla-nations have included how emotions structure social relationships,

    At the heart of Lazarus's theory was what he called appraisal. Before emotion occurs, he argued, people make an automatic, often unconscious, assessment of what is happening and what it may mean for them or those they care about. From that perspective, emotion becomes not just rational but a necessary component of survival. an emotion is. Next, we describe our own re, cent work directed at illuminating what we see as one of the important issues in emotion theory-the role of cognitive appraisal. We embed this work in a general model of emotion, which identifies the key variables and processes within a systems framework emphasizing per,

    Lazarus Theory was created by the psychologist Richard Lazarus, was a psychologist , professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Berkeley who was named by American Psychologist as one of the most influential psychologists in the field.. He showed that that people’s experience of emotion depends on the way they appraise or evaluate the events around them. Richard Lazarus's Theory "The interpretation of stressful events is more important than the events themselves." - Lazarus. CLICK for more info. Lazarus' Theory Of Stress. Lazarus states that stress is experienced when a person perceives that the “demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilise."

    Stress and Coping Style: An Extension to the Transactional Cognitive-Appraisal Model Kerry A. Newness Moderated Regression for Emotion-Focused Coping, Challenge, and Performance..79 . researchers have adopted and utilized extant stress theory to investigate LAZARUS THEORY Lazarus theory • cognitive appraisal is the first step in an emotional response • all other aspects of an emotion, including physiological arousal, depend on it LAZARUS THEORY Cognitive Stimulus Emotion Physiologic al and behavioral changes Appraisal

    S P E C I A L P A P E R . Theoretical Approaches to Coping Stavroula Mitrousi, MSc, PhD(c) Psychologist, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece Antonios Travlos, PhD Associate Professor, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, There is widespread conviction among health care professionals that coping affects emotion. Yet theory and research have traditionally emphasized the effects of emotion on coping. The present research addresses this imbalance by evaluating the extent to which coping mediated emotions during stressful encounters in two Caucasian, community-residing samples. Subjects' recently experienced

    Appraisal Theory 5 aforementioned difficulties of accounting for individual and temporal differences and cross-situational similarities in emotional responses to those events. Cognitive theories of emotion began to emerge during the 1960s, as part of what is often referred to as the "cognitive revolution" in psychology. One of the earliest cognitive theories of emotion was one proposed by Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer, known as the two-factor theory of emotion.